Everything about Burdur

General Information

Area: 6.887 km²
Population: 254.899 (1990)
Province Traffic No: 15
It is an important tourism center with settlements of early people, settlement areas, ancient cities and Turkish Islamic artifacts. Burdur is popular with Insuyu cave and lakes.
DISTRICTS:
District of Burdur province: Ağlasun, Altınyayla, Bucak, Çavdır, Çeltikçi, Gölhisar, Karamanlı, Kemer, Tefenni and Yeşilova.
Ağlasun: Located 32 km from the province center and one of the most important districts in terms of tourism attractions in Burdur with “Sagalassos ancient city”. Trout establishment are frequently encountered with the rich underground waters in the district. Akdağ at an elevation of 2276 m in the district is suitable for mountain climbing and mountain-nature walks.
Bucak: Located 45 km from Burdur. The north-east part of the district hosts the “Cremna Ancient city” from the Roman era. Susuz Kervansarayı and İncirhan are significant artifacts.
Gölhisar: The district is 107 km from the province center and hosts Cibyra Ancient city and has a significant potential for tourism.
Tefenni: The district is 70 km from the province center The Çamur tumulus in the southern part of the district and surface study research for the findings for the Chalcolithic Era indicate that this is a very old settlement center.
Yeşilova: The district is 60 km from the province center The surface studies carried out in Dereköy and Gençali which are among the oldest settlement areas within the district boundaries have revealed earthenware and ceramics from the Chalcolithic Era (5000 BC).

Places to Wisit

Historical Artifacts
Ulu Cami: Ulu cami is located on a hill in the city center in Pazar neighborhood and was built by Felekküddin Dündar Bey in 1294.
İncirhan: İs located in İncirdere village 7 km west of Bucak district. Commissioned by Anatolian Seljuk sultan Gıyaseddin Keyhüsrev bin Keykubad in the 13th century. The most noteworthy attraction of the public house is the rather large and simple entrance gate with inscriptions.
Susuz Kervansaray: İs located in Susuz village in Bucak district. One of the caravansarai of the Anatolian Seljuk era in the 13th century. Located along the Silk Road. The most noteworthy feature of the public house which has a floor plan which is nearly square shaped is the entrance gate on the western facade.
Mansions
Taşoda, Çelikbaş, Baki Bey and Mısırlı mansions reflecting civilian Ottoman architecture possess a beauty that is worth seeing in the province center.
National Parks
Sütçüler Sığla Forest
Burdur – Sütçüler Sığla Forest Nature Conservation Area
Location: It is located in the Mediterranean region, Burdur province, Bucak district, within Kızıllı village boundaries. The area is 88.5 Ha.
Transport: At a distance of 59 km to Sütçüler district.
Characteristics: The rare and endangered species of sweetgum tree is observed in an elite and isolated extension in this area. It is considered for scientific and educational uses for the benefit of future generations.
Sweetgum (Liquidambar orientalis), pine (Pinus brutia), shallow-haired oak (Quercus Callis), alder (Almus glutinosa), sycamore (pilanatus orientalis) comprise the plant species.
There are ibex (Capra aegagrus), squirrels (Sciurus vulgaris) a variety of reptiles and amphiphilic species and numerous crabs in the area.
Mağaralar
The Insuyu Cave within the province is an important tourism asset.
Insuyu Cave
Location: Burdur
The cave is located in Mandıra village 900 m east of the 13th kilometer of the Burdur-Antalya highway.
The cave is horizontal and dry with a total length of 597 m. It is one of the first caves to be opened for tourism in Turkey because of convenient access. It is estimated that the cave was formed thousands of years ago based on the formation of the limestone deposits in all shapes and styles in the structure forming stalactites and stalagmites. There are 9 lakes of different sizes in the vestibules spreading and zigzagging in various directions inside the case.
There is a cool and clean breeze within the cave. It is believed that some of the cave waters have healing qualities in terms of diabetes and stomach ailments. There is an accommodation facility established by the Special Province Administration in the vicinity of the cave.
Lakes
Burdur Lake: İs located 4 km from the city center. Burdur Lake is a tectonic lake. The lake is host to 70% of the endangered white headed ducks in the world. Burdur Lake accommodates endemic bird species and is a wetland with international importance. It is the host for 85 bird species.
Salda Lake: The most clean and deep lake in Turkey. It is one of the most popular recreation areas in Burdur with its clean and clear water.
Karacaören Dam: The dam is located on Aksu stream 35 km from Bucak district. In addition to fulfilling the energy and irrigation needs of the region the place is popular as a recreational area due to its natural beauties.
Bird observation area
Çorak Lake Bird Area, Solda Lake Bird Area, Karataş Lake Bird Area, Varışlı Lake Bird Area and Burdur Lake Bird Area are located within the boundaries of Burdur Province.
Museums and Archeological Sites
Museums Burdur Museum
Address: Özgür Mah. Cevizli Sok. No:7 – Burdur
Tel: (248) 233 10 42
Recreational areas
Sagalossos Örenyeri – Ağlasun İlçesi
Kremna Örenyeri – Bucak/Çamlık Köyü
Keraitae Örenyeri – Bucak/Belören
Milias Örenyeri – Bucak/Kocaaliler
Sia Örenyeri – Bucak/Karaot
Kodrula Örenyeri – Bucak/Kestel
Bubon Örenyeri – Gölhisar
Kibyra Örenyeri – Gölhisar
Mallos Örenyeri – Merkez/Karacaören
Olbasa Örenyeri – Kemer/Belenli
Kormasa Örenyeri – Merkez/Çallıca
Takina Örenyeri – Yeşilova
Lisinia Örenyeri – Merkez/Karakent Köyü
Hacılar Höyükleri – Merkez Hacılar Köyü
Kurçay Höyük – Merkez/Kuruçay Köyü
Yassıgüme Höyüğü – Merkez/Yassıgüme Köyü
Gölde Höyüğü – Merkez/Gölde Köyü
Yarköy Höyüğü – Merkez/Yarıköy/Soğanlı
Aziziye Höyük – Merkez/Aziziye
Eğneş Höyüğü – Merkez/Çallıca
Höyücek Höyük – Bucak Merkez
Tepecik Höyük – Bucak Merkez
İncirdere Höyük – Bucak Merkez Karaaliler
Ürkütlü Höyüğü – Bucak Ürkütlü
Uğurlu Höyük – Bucak Uğurlu Köyü
Çavdır Höyük – Çavdır/Merkez
Höyükköy – Tefenni/Merkez
Beyköy Höyük – Tefenni/Beyköy
Karamusa Höyük – Tefenni/Karamusa
Dereköy Höyük I-II – Yeşilova/Dereköy
Gebren Höyük – Çaltepe Köyü
Genceli Höyük – Yeşilova/Genceli
Yazı Höyük – Yeşilova/Büyükyaka
Hancarlı Höyük – Yeşilova/Karaatlı
Bademli Höyük – Karamanlı/Bademli
Büdemli Tümülüsleri – Karamanlı/Bademli
Harmankaya Tüm. I-III – Karamanlı/Bademli
Düğer Tüm. I-IV – Merkez/Düğer
Hacılar Tümülüsü – Merkez/Hacılar
Yuvalak Tümülüs – Tefenni/Yuvalak
Kayadibi I-II – Yeşilova/Kayadibi
Karaatlı Tümülüsü – Yeşilova/Kayadibi
Topraktepe Tümülüsü – Gölhisar/Uylupınar Salda Gölü – Yeşilova
Düğer Küçük Ada – Merkez/Düğer
Düğer Böcülü Tepe – Merkez/Düğer
Balbura Örenyeri – Altınyayla
Yarışlı Höyük – Yeşilova – Yarışlı Köyü
Karaçağıl Tümülüsü – Çacdır – Kayacık
Asartepe Örenyeri – Ağlasun/Hisarköy
Örtülü Antikkent – Burdur/Merkez
Uylupınar Nekropolü – Gölhisar/Uylupınar
İnsuyu Mağarası – Burdur/Çineovası
Ulu Camii ve Saat Kulesi – Burdur/Merkez
İstasyon Höyük – Burdur/Merkez
Sandarium Antikkenti – Ağlasun Merkez
Yalakasar Antikkenti – Ağlasun Merkez
Kaletepe Göz. Kulesi – Merkez
Apollon Perminun – Buca
Karain Mağarası – Ağlasun
Günalan Nekropol – Burdur/Günalan Köyü
Antik Kale – Ağlasun
Asartepe – Bucak/Kızılkaya
Yanıktaş Kaya Kap. – Bucak
Döşeme Tümüşüs – Ağlasın
Merkez Büyük ve Küçük Höyük – Yeşilova
Çeltikçi Höyük – Çeltikçi Çerpiş Höyük
Ancient cities
Sagalassos: 30 km to Burdur. 7 km from Ağlasun. Today the ruins of the ancient city which was excavated by a Belgium team and had its glory in the II.BC century are still standing.
Cremna: Is located in Çamlık village 45 km from Burdur 25 km east of Bucak District. Cremna ancient city which had its heyday in II BC century Is a Pisidia city. Artifacts from the Roman Era are still standing. It has an Acropolis (upper city), a forum (square), basilica (courtroom) Elsodra, a church (arched structure) and a library structure. The excavations carried out in this building revealed 9 marble statues of gods. They are on display in Burdur Museum.
Cibyra: Cibyra ancient city is established on three hills in Gölhisar district 108 km from the province center and merges with Oineanda Balbura, Bubon (İbecik) to form the capital of Tedropolis. The structures which remain standing in Cibyra are a stadium, the lower and upper agoras, the Municipality assembly hall, a theater, tombs and a monumental water course.
Kuruçay Tumulus: Is a prehistorical tumulus along the borders of Kuruçay village 15 km from Burdur.

Geography

Burdur is locazed in a zone which is in the interior region of the Mediterranean Region in an area called the Lakes Locality. In the south it is surrounded by Antalya province, in the west by Denizli, Muğla in the southwest, Isparta and Afyon provinces in the east and north. Burdur has a climate which is cold and rainy in winter and hot and arid in the summer. There are numerous lakes and average sized watercourses in the province. Burdur Lake which is one of the major lakes in Turkey is suitable for all kinds of water sports. Another lake in the province is Salda Lake.
Burdur, kışları soğuk ve yağışlı, yazları sıcak ve kurak bir iklime sahiptir.

History

Various sources and archeological findings indicated that in the ancient period the area called Pisidia in Burdur province has been inhabited since the Palaeolithic Age. It is evident from the rock drawings in Başkuyu village in Yeşilova district that the presence of primitive man has been determined in this area in the Palaeolithic Age.
The excavations carried out in Hacılar village affiliated with the province center reveal IX-VI layers over the ‘pre-ceramic Neolithic’ dating 7 thousand years (5400 B.C.) indicating that it is one of the most important centers which depicts the time when man domesticated animals, established villages and learned to make pottery and went from gathering into production and settled in a certain place. The goddess figurines and pottery and earthenware with painted human faces excavated here hold a significant place in the world of archeology. The region has undergone Phrygian, Roman, and Byzantine periods as well as the Kingdom of Pergamon Subsequently the Seljuk’s, Hamitoğulları and Ottomans dominated the region.

What to Eat?

A walnut sweet called ‘walnut butter’ manufactured in Yukarı Pazar neighborhood of Burdur province center and ‘Burdur shish’ which is particular to Burdur are worth tasting. It could be beneficial to enjoy a break at one of the trout facilities along the road to Sagalassos Ancient city and try the local dish of trout with yoghurt.

What to Buy?

It is possible to buy ready made processed and decorated copper artifacts as gifts sold in the coppersmiths’ market or give a special order.